American journal of health behavior, 2021
Maier, J., Jozkowski, K., Valdez, D., Crawford, B. L., Turner, R., & Lo, W.-J. (2021). Applicability of a Salient Belief Elicitation to Measure Abortion Beliefs. American Journal of Health Behavior.
Maier, Julie, K. Jozkowski, Danny Valdez, Brandon L. Crawford, R. Turner, and Wen-Juo Lo. “Applicability of a Salient Belief Elicitation to Measure Abortion Beliefs.” American journal of health behavior (2021).
Maier, Julie, et al. “Applicability of a Salient Belief Elicitation to Measure Abortion Beliefs.” American Journal of Health Behavior, 2021.
Objectives: Salient belief elicitations (SBEs), informed by the Reasoned Action Approach (RAA), are used to identify 3 sets of beliefs - behavioral, control, and normative - that influence attitudes toward a health behavior. SBEs ask participants about their own beliefs through open-ended questions. We adapted a SBE by focusing on abortion, which is infrequently examined through SBEs; we also included a survey version that asked participants their views on what a hypothetical woman would do if contemplating an abortion. Given these deviations from traditional SBEs, the purpose of this study was to assess if the adapted SBE was understood by participants in English and Spanish through cognitive interviewing. Methods: We examined participants' interpretations of SBE items about abortion to determine if they aligned with the corresponding RAA construct. We administered SBE surveys and conducted cognitive interviews with US adults in both English and Spanish. Results: Participants comprehended the SBE questions as intended. Participants' interpretations of most questions were also in line with the respective RAA construct. Conclusions: SBE survey questions were comprehended well by participants. We discuss areas in which SBE questions can be modified to improve alignment with the underlying RAA construct to assess abortion beliefs.